Plantar fasciitis is the most common cause of heel pain and the most common musculoskeletal problem in the foot. It is an inflammation of the plantar fascia which is the structure that hold up the arch of the foot. The pain is felt at the bottom of the heel and is usually worse arising from rest, especially first thing in the morning. After those few initial steps the pain reduces but gets worse as the day goes on. The main causes of plantar fasciitis are higher activity levels, having a higher body weight, tight calf muscles and a flat or pronated foot. The treatment of plantar fasciitis is aimed at reducing the stress in the plantar fascia so it can heel. Strategies are also needed to be directed at reducing the inflammation. These include the short term use of low dye strapping. Foot orthotics are widely used with a lot of success.
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